L

Предыдущий термин:
Kluge Hans, der

Следующий термин:
L-данные

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Найдено 2 определения термина L

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L

Сокращение, обозначающее: 1. См. ламберт. 2. См. люмен. 3. См. порог.

Оцените определение:

Источник: Оксфордский толковый словарь по психологии/Под ред. А.Ребера,2002 г

L (life record data)

данные, основанные на регистрации поведения человека в повседневной жизни.

Источник: Нартова-Бочавер С.К. Дифференциальная психология, глоссарий

Найдено схем по теме — 1

Найдено научных статей по теме — 12

LIFE VALUES OF PERSONS IN CROSS-CULTURAL (ARAB - RUSSIAN) AND MONOCULTURAL MARRIAGES AND THEIR REPRE

Chebotareva Elena Y., Jaber Hasan M.A.
The paper presents the results of the empirical study, which has been conducted with the aim to analyze the differences in life and family values and their interactions between the spouses from cross-cultural and monocultural couples. The sample of the study consists of 330 persons, including 85 cross-cultural Arab Russian couples (170 persons), living in Russia, and 80 monocultural couples (160 persons).The main methods were S. Schwartz' “Value Survey”, “Test of Attitudes to Family Life” by Yu. Alyoshina, L. Gozman, & E. Dubovskaya, «Marital Role Expectations and Aspirations” by A.N. Volkova, “Marital Satisfaction Test” by V. Stolin, T. Romanova, & G. Butenko.It was revealed that the persons from cross-cultural and monocultural marriages have different life and family values hierarchies, besides, they realize their life values in family life differently. In cross-cultural marriages the spouses see the opportunities for their normative life goals realizing in the family, especially in its psychotherapeutic and parental spheres, as well as in social activity outside the family. But in their real day-to-day activities, they do not always manage to realize their life goals in the family sphere, probably because of the difficulties in interacting with their social environment, which can come from the fact that their families are more enclosed, which in turn leads to a decrease of marital satisfaction. In the cross-cultural spouses' representations, the collectivist values are more related to family functioning, but individualistic values such as hedonism and power are perceived as incompatible with the successful functioning of the family.
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LOYALTY, RELIABILITY AND RESISTANCE TO CORRUPTION: PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF DIAGNOSTIC OPTIONS (THE

Urbanova Eva, Mayevskaya Petra, Pasnichenko Viktor
The article analyzed the loyalty and reliability of employees as factors that facilitate corruption resistance. Article pointed to weaker elaboration of these concepts in Czech literature in comparison to how they are presented in English-speaking resources. Furthermore, the names of the tests that are used in the Czech Republic for diagnosis loyalty and reliability and range of tests, significant for the analysis of this phenomenon. This study describes the audit approach as used in the system WORKtest®. It presents the results of investigation of corruption resistance and risk behavior using methods WORKtest®, made in the Czech Republic in 2013–2014. Analysis showed that 18 % surveyed have signs of risky behavior. We describe the specific properties of corrupt behavior observed in the study. We provide benchmarking corruption resistance in relation to average indicators in the population.
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LANGUAGE OF TRUST IN RESOLVING OF SOCIAL CONFLICTS (ARCHETYPAL APPROACH)

Kozhemiakina Oksana Mikolayivna
The article is being considered the stabilization and regulatory potential of communication strategies of trust in resolving social conflicts in the context of the value changes of the modernity, taking into account the priorities of self-realization, freedom of choice, human development. On the basis of the methodological potential of communication practical philosophy and analytical psychology, the analysis of the constructive effects of social conflicts in the search for ways of value coordination of a pluralistic society and expansion of nonviolent communication practices is carried out. The language of trust in resolving social conflicts is viewed in the aspect of problems of mutual understanding on the basis of the creation of joint meanings, the establishment of the value bases of mutual recognition, personal significance and awareness of one’s own subjectivity (both individual and social). In the sense of humanistic self-realization, trust as a positive action and value response helps to minimize the destructive potential of social conflicts, initiating the search for semantic horizons of understanding, affirming the norms of moral goodness, mutual recognition and ethos of care based on the symbolic actualization of the prototypes of life, stately good and light.
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LIVE BLOGGING AND NATIONAL IDENTITY: IMAGES OF NOW AND HERE

Valger Olesya Alekseevna, Vezner Irina Anatolyevna
Introduction. The authors describe and analyse practices of national identity in the medium created in live blogging, a new form of online news now employed by the world’s leading news editions. The purpose of the article is to explain the linguistic aspect of the narratives constructed in this genre. Materials and methods. Materials and methods include exploratory case study and content analysis of a sample of forty randomly selected live blogs, their readers’ feedback and their audience measurement. The interdisciplinary approach allows the authors to pinpoint the stylistic peculiarities of the new genre and interpret the effect in terms of social philosophy. Results. The study has shown that live blogging as a digital article covers a developing situation live by arranging small pieces of text or visual content in reverse chronological order. The authors suggest that live blogging brings forward group identities and actualizes them through a set of perception effects determined by the stylistic features of the form. Conclusion. The authors state that the possible effects of such texts on the practices of national identity include four aspects: shared group solidarity, unfolding simultaneousness of the event, identification with opinion leaders, accentuated importance of the event for group existence. The consistent characteristics of live blogging include division into lead parts in reverse chronological order with separate headlines and bylines, employing both reader-produced and professional graphic content, short paragraphs, emotional neutrality of the editor’s contribution and a set of linguistic features characteristic of publicist style in its newspaper variety.
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Learning Standards Must Be Scrupulously Implemented, Not Continually Adjusted Reflections on The End

Lev Lyubimov
Lev Lyubimov regards Oleg Lebedev’s article The End of Compulsory Education? as a landmark in the field of general education research. For his part, he elaborates and complements the answers given to the questions raised by Lebedev: who should be taught what, how, and what for. The author insists on the importance of training school and preschool teachers on a regular basis. In particular, they should be taught developmental psychology, techniques of inculcating cognitive competencies and Internet skills in students. Teaching parents is no less important, as they should take seriously the duty of teaching and educating their children. Lyubimov elaborates the notion of activity experience as the backbone of authentic learning, dialogue and group work as the key mechanisms of intellectual development. He also cites the experience of the HSE UniversitySchool Cluster, which has been solving the pedagogical tasks stipulated by the learning standards.
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Leader's emotional intelligence as a factor influencing organizational culture

Anna K. Kravtcova
The author considers the concept of organizational culture, leadership, emotional intelligence and discusses their relationship. The author complements existing constructs of established phenomena, based on the results of a meta-analysis, analysis of theoretical approaches to studying and working with these phenomena, as well as the practice included work with them in existing organizations.
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L. S. Vygotsky in the 21st century

Ardila Alfredo
Although Lev Vygotsky’s interpretation of human cognition was proposed almost one century ago, new scientific and technological advances have significantly supported many of his ideas and hypotheses. His cultural-historical theory of psychological processes, and his contributions to educational psychology, have continued growing without interruption. In this paper, three of Vygotsky’s hypotheses are examined in light of 21st century scientific developments: 1) The influence of cultural factors on human cognition. A diversity of research studies in different countries has corroborated the crucial impact of culture on cognitive test performance; 2) The role of language in higher psychological processes. According to Vygotsky’s cultural-historical approach, cognitive processes (“complex psychological processes”) are social in origin, but complex and hierarchical in their structure. Intrinsic to the systemic organization of higher cognitive processes is the engagement of external artifacts (objects, symbols, signs), which have an independent history of development within a culture; and 3) The hypothesis that thought and general complex cognition is associated with certain “inner speech.” Some contemporary neuroimaging studies (particularly PET and fMRI) analyzing “inner speech” have been carried out. These studies have attempted to find the areas of the brain involved in “inner speech.” These scientific advances significantly support Vygotsky’s interpretation of human cognition. It has been found that inner speech depends on activity in Broca’s area and related brain network activity in the left hemisphere. Hence, inner speech is closely related to grammar, language production, and executive functions. Vygotsky’s important contribution to the understanding of psychological processes has stimulated, and continues to stimulate, a substantial amount of research in this area.
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Luria’s model of the functional Units of the brain and the neuropsychology of dreaming

Téllez Arnoldo, Sánchez Teresa De J.
Traditionally, neuropsychology has focused on identifying the brain mechanisms of specific psychological processes, such as attention, motor skills, perception, memory, language, and consciousness, as well as their corresponding disorders. However, there are psychological processes that have received little attention in this field, such as dreaming. This study examined the clinical and experimental neuropsychological research relevant to dreaming, ranging from sleep disorders in patients with brain damage, to brain functioning during REM sleep, using different methods of brain imaging. These findings were analyzed within the framework of Luria’s Three Functional Unit Model of the Brain, and a proposal was made to explain certain of the essential characteristics of dreaming. This explanation describes how, during dreaming, an activation of the First Functional Unit occurs, comprising the reticular formation of the brainstem; this activates, in turn, the Second Functional Unit which is formed by the parietal, occipital, and temporal lobes and Unit L, which is comprised of the limbic system, as well as simultaneous hypo-functioning of the Third Functional Unit (frontal lobe). This activity produces a perception of hallucinatory images of various sensory modes, as well as a lack of inhibition, a non-selfreflexive thought process, and a lack of planning and direction of such oneiric images. Dreaming is considered a type of natural confabulation, similar to the one that occurs in patients with frontal lobe damage or schizophrenia. The study also suggests that the confabulatory, bizarre, and impulsive nature of dreaming has a function in the cognitiveemotional homeostasis that aids proper brain function throughout the day.
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Lenses on metacognition: teachers’ perceptions toward strategies in reading in a Pakistani context

Channa Mansoor A., Nordin Zaimuariffudin S., Simming Insaf A., Buriro Ghulam S.
The research in the field of metacognition for developing reading is not new; metacognition has been used for many years to identify ways to develop students’ reading comprehension. Most previous research has addressed either primary or secondary level students. however, notably few studies have been conducted at the undergraduate level. This study has attempted to initiate strategies to assist first-year engineering students in developing their reading abilities within a Pakistani context. The primary objective of this research was to identify what strategies first-year engineering students use in developing their reading at Quaid-e-Awam University of engineering science and technology in Pakistan. This study used qualitative instruments that included semi-structured interviews with teachers and classroom observations during read-aloud sessions. The data were organized through NVivo version 8 for obtaining nodes, codes, and main themes for interpreting the results. The results of this study demonstrated that teachers should use metacognitive strategies for developing students’ reading abilities. Findings also revealed that reading strategies, such as text scanning, guesses from contextual clues, drawing on prior knowledge, and using a dictionary, are the most important strategies to use for developing the reading skills and comprehension of engineering students. This study has suggested metacognitive strategies be used for promoting students’ reading abilities and that teachers should design and develop more courses using these strategies to enhance the reading and listening skills of engineering students.
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Linguistic approaches in teaching history of science and Technology courses through a content block

Krasnyak Olga, Fanguy Mik, Tikhonova Elena
History of Science and Technology (HST) courses are increasingly becoming part of core curriculums for undergraduate students due to an increased emphasis on scientific literacy. HST courses should aim to help students gain an understanding of the nature of science and should enable them to reflect epistemologically. The authors suggest teaching HST courses through several interchangeable content blocks, and herein, present the material and discussion topics that they believe should be implemented in a content block on cognitive sciences through a linguistic component. Language has a special meaning for humankind as it indicates its unique ability in the evolutionary development and in creating a new social environment. Therefore, paying special attention to the linguistic component when teaching HST courses helps students obtain a basic level of linguistic knowledge as its interdisciplinary approaches are increased through the study of cognitive sciences such as evolutionary psychology, behavioral genetics, and artificial intelligence. In order to represent a practical meaning of linguistics in the processes of constructing social environment, the authors conducted an empirical study based on the analysis of media texts. We asked 63 sophomores majoring in social sciences and humanities, who are affiliated with the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia and the Moscow State Institute of International Relations to choose 60 media texts, both broadsheets and tabloids, on social and political content. Estimating and analyzing the surveys allowed the authors to determine students’ abilities to identify communicative strategies that were used in the media texts, to understand the role of the strategies in forming the social environment of a person or a group, and to recognize how using the tools of cognitive linguistics enhances sophisticated thinking and develops synergetic perceptions of every individual.
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Legal consciousness and legal culture

Boshno Svetlana
This chapter of the course manual in jurisprudence discloses the notion of legal consciousness. Comprehending law, legislation, principal state and legal institutes manifests itself in law enforcement. One shouldn't absolutize the role of legislation as it is, since it is only after texts of normative acts go through the prism of legal consciousness of the actor's personality, they convert into some behaviour patterns. Legal consciousness has a definite structure, it is divided into levels. Legal ideology and legal psychology appear as levels of legal culture. A significant part in law enforcement and all of its realization forms is assigned to classifications of legal consciousness according to a number of subjects (group, individual, mass consciousness), and according to the content (common, professional, doctrinal consciousness). Legal culture is considered as legal consciousness with a positive content.
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Language as an Instrument of the Teological Study: as Related to the Specifics of the Eastern Theolo

Alexander M. Prilutskii
This article examines questions concerning the methodology of theological study as it relates to the traditions of Eastern theological discourse. The author analyzes the specifics of the theological term as the verbal means of expressing particular theological concepts. The development of Christian terminology is considered in the context of church history. In the conclusion the author considers the reasons for the sacralization of language in the Eastern tradition.
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