А- это что такое А-: определение — Психология.НЭС


Найдено 4 определения термина A

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a-, an-) - приставка, указывающая на отсутствие чего-либо. Например: амастия (amastia) - врожденное отсутствие одной или обеих молочных желез; аморфный (amorphic) - не имеющий определенной формы; атоксичный (atoxic) - неядовитый.

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Источник: Оксфордский справочник по клинической медицине


1. См. амплитуда;. 2. См. альбедо.

Источник: Оксфордский толковый словарь по психологии


Префикс, означающий: "из", "от", отсутствие и т.д.

Источник: Оксфордский толковый словарь по психологии


перед гласными Ан- [греч. а-, an- - начальная часть слова со значением отрицания; соответствует приставкам русского языка «не-», «без-»] - приставка в иностранных, преимущественно грече ского происхождения словах, выражающая отрицание или отсутствие какого-л. качества, свойства (напр., асимметрия, анартрия)

Источник: Психомоторика: cловарь-справочник

Найдено рефератов по теме A — 0

Найдено научных статей по теме — 12

An Application of Eastern Objective Soteriology in Evangelical Theology

Igor Zeleny
This article examines the possibility of applying the objective soteriology inherent to the Christian East since the second century in evangelical theology. An attempt is made to define the difference between the j uridical and ontological approaches to the work of Christ; an analysis of the arguments of the Eastern vision is carried out; a balanced soteriological understanding based on the organic approach is presented. It is noted that our understanding of salvation should be based on the Eastern approach, since this approach gives a deeper ontological explanation of the work of Christ. The article presents conclusions from the Eastern view which, in the writer’s opinion, can be used in evangelical theology. They apply to anthropology, the concept of sin, soteriology, and ecclesiology. The article confirms that it is precisely organic soteriology that supplies Protestant theology with arguments that allow evangelical believers to justify their right to be called the true church of Christ. The article would be useful to readers interested in the early period of Eastern theology and in contemporary Orthodox soteriology.
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An Analysis of Eastern Objective Soteriology

Igor Zeleny
This article is an examination of Eastern ontological-organic objective soteriology. The study gives a definition and briefly describes the genesis of this movement in soteriology, its formation and development from the second century up until modern times (restoration and revitalization in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries). The article also covers the main principles of this teaching and gives a biblical analysis of its vision, examining the strengths and weaknesses of Eastern soteriology. The main problem of the Eastern vision in the viewpoint of the author is discussed, namely the question of what kind of nature the Lord took upon Himself in the incarnation. It is also stated that the strongest side of this approach is the explanation of the work of Christ as the ontological transfiguration of our nature in Himself. The article presents the originality of this view of salvation and points out that the Eastern vision can provide the basis for an evangelical understanding of atonement and justification, as well as the basis for the evangelical churches’ apologetic of truth as an organic part of the redeemed Body of Christ. This article is useful for theology students studying historical, systematic, and comparative theology as an introduction to the doctrine of Eastern soteriology.
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Analysing the effect of learning by simulation on the speed and accuracy decision making of volleyba

Merzoug D., Belkadi A., Sebbane M., Abed F., Abdedaim A.
The purpose of this study was to verify the efficiency of learning by simulation intervention programme on the speed and accuracy on decision making of Basic Volleyball Skills (Serving, Sitting and Dig & Blocked) of 24 volleyball players. Material. Two intact groups of volleyball academy players participated in this study. One academy group participated in the perceptual learning simulation, which included activities, game analysis, tactical volleyball discussions, volleyball rule discussions and decision making, they were spatially and temporally occluded to provide varying amounts of information to the participant. The other academy group served as the control group and completed both the preand post-tests bay using "Super Lab (V 4.04) test. Our study was designed and implemented to address three aspects of decision making in Volleyball. First, speed and accuracy of decision making was assessed. In this research, Super Lab (V 4.04) test 3D basic Situation skills from Volleyball situation matches of 15 3D basic Situation skills -Multiple Object Tracking(Romeas et al., 2016; Takahashi, Ikeya, Kano, Ookubo, & Mishina, 2016) was used to identify any changes after a learning simulation programme. The participants scores on each of these variables were processed to determine if there were any significant differences from preto post-test performance, and if there were any significant differences between the subjects who received the perceptual learning by simulation and the subjects in the Control group. Methods. All data collected from all the different tests were entered in an Excel format and processed using the SPSS statistics programme and the appropriate t-tests for repeated measures, were completed to determine group differences (Table 2). The significance level for all test variables was an alpha level of 0.05. The following procedures were followed in the development and implementation of this research. The researcher decided that a computer-based test using "Super Lab (V 4.04) test 3D basic Situation skills from Volleyball situation matches would provide the necessary challenge to players’ decision making and also allow a measurement of the speed and accuracy with which they made their decisions. Two different kinds of data were analyzed: Speed and Accuracy of Decision Making, As the first situation is presented on the computer screen, a timer is activated. Players will see the action up to the point where the action is “frozen”. Watch and when the screen freezes players can immediately make their decision by clicking with on the keyboard eight second were done to answer quickly time and accuracy of your decision will be measured. Results. Results showed important improvement in the decision making by participants in both the experimental and the control groups. Both groups also indicated a significant deterioration in the accuracy of their decisions. The similarity in the post-test scores of the two groups led to the conclusion that learning simulation has affected the decision-making for the experimental group. Our results suggest different sources of visual information work collectively to facilitate player’s anticipation in time-constrained sports and reinforce the complexity of player’s perception. Another Suggestion is made for the design of future technique to improve decision making. The results showed a significant improvement in speed of decision making for both the experimental Group 1 and the Control group 2 (Table 3). It can also be noticed that the variability scores within each group, as indicated by the standard deviation, was less on the post-tests. The SD on the pre-test for the experimental group was 2.95s, which dropped to .90s on the post-test. The SD on the pre-test for the Control group was 1.72s on the pre-test and only .83s on the post-test. This means that both groups not only became faster, but also that the subjects within each of the groups were more similar to each other in the speed of their decision making on the post-test. Between group differences showed that the subjects were not significantly different from each other, either on the pre-test or on the post-test (Table 6). The mean score for accuracy was slightly higher on the pre-test for Group 1 (experimental), but the mean score for both groups on the post-test was almost identical (2.95 correct and 2.86).Conclusion. We can conclude that our designed learning by simulation programme develop mutually the speed and accuracy of players’ decision making which can rely on (3D) basic Situation skills and video match playing feedback, to raise declarative and technical skills Basic Volleyball Skills (Serving, Sitting and Dig & Blocked). Two significant differences were recorded between the experimental and the Control groups. The first was the significant improvement in speed accompanied by weakening in the accuracy of their decision making. This may be a attribute of an intermediate altitude of Volleyball skill as players push to become faster at processing information. The cost in terms of accuracy in decision making could be a task of this process. The results of the study were that the subjects who participated in the learning by simulation did achieve significant differences on the targeted outcomes, when compared to subjects from a similar Volleyball players. and we can say that the use of learning by simulations programme can bring some important changes in speed and accuracy of decision making to academy volleyball players. It was encouraging that a significantly better progress was achieved in the decision making of the subjects by the experimental group.
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Komari Achmad Nur
The research questions are 1) is there any difference between the two villages in regards to the development of the tourism village? 2) What factors influence the attitudes of the two local communities towards the development of the tourism village?. The purpose of this research is to investigate the differences of the attitudes of the people in the two villages towards the development of the tourism village. Furthermore, this study is aimed at identifying the factors that influence the attitudes of the people in the two villages towards the development of the tourism village. The subjects of this study were 50 people in each village, who were selected using purposive sampling technique. This sampling technique was chosen since it could help to accurately select 50 subjects that could represent all social strata in the two villages. This was important as the samples in this study contributed to the valuable evaluation by the researchers. The attitude identification towards the seven factors was done by first questionnaire that was distributed to 100 respondents in the two villages. Meanwhile, the second questionnaire was used to collect the data on the factors that influenced it. The questionnaires were given to 100 respondents in the two developing villages. The second questionnaire was given one month later after the first questionnaire. The results of the study are: (1) There are different attitudes of the society in the two villages towards the development of the tourism village; (2) The factors that influence the attitudes of the society in the two surrounding villages towards the development of the tourism village include: a) The beautiful nature; b) People’s activities; c) Customs and traditions; d) Traditional arts; e) Personal experiences; f) Information; and g) Cultures.
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Asyaev G.D., Nikol'Skaya K.Yu., Ali Mohammed Mozan
This article investigated the use of a neural network with back propagation for pattern recognition. The basic technique of neural network training is revealed. An artificial system was created to generate values similar to standard, rotated at different angles. An experiment was conducted during which it was established that a neural network can be trained on artificial examples (images), and then used for analysis of reference values.
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Animal learned genetic cognition and the limits of anthropomorphic approach

Robert Djidjian, Rima Avalyan
This article discusses the cognitive function of instincts in animal world. The undertaken research demonstrates that the formation of individual’s ability for a certain (complex) action requires having a corresponding specific inborn genetic capacity the scheme of instinct for that action. Using anthropomorphic approach and the critical verification of its application, authors of this article have revealed the elementary inborn cognitive capacities lying at the basis of the main types of animals’ learned behavior. Special attention is given to the inborn mechanism of animal learning by imitation. The suggested conception of the schemes of instinctive behavior is applied to the analysis of the level of cognitive skills that could be achieved by exercising and training.
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Anxiety as readiness criterion of young athletes, specializing in middle distance running, for compe

Alexsandr N. Kovalenko, Nataliy V. Khrisanfova
In sports activity the most general, integral index of an athlete’s readiness is sports result. Competitive activity success is mostly conditioned by the stability of an athlete’s performances. Nowadays in the sphere of training athletes, specializing in middle distance running, conditions, means and methods of physical and technical-tactical training are approximately equal. Hence, the main component of competitive activity becomes psychological training. Material. Theoretical analysis and experimental study of anxiety problem as one of the criteria, which influence readiness of young athletes, specializing in middle distance running, for competitive activity. Research methods: scientific literature analysis and summarizing, anxiety state estimation with the help of modified scale of personal competitive anxiety R. Martens (Y.L. Khanin), experiment, methods of mathematical statistics. Results. The effectiveness of psychological training at the stage of initial specialization is shown. There is some correlation between the level of anxiety and pre-start states of sportsmen in the experimental work. The offered methods of psychological training approbation among athletes showed positive result. During the use of the offered by us methodology two sportsmen improved their qualification from the 1st junior category to the 3rd adult category, 4 sportsmen changed their categories from the second junior to the 1st junior category. The trainer underlined considerable improvement of the results among 5 respondents, who didn’t manage to improve their sports category. Conclusion. During the research work the problems, concerning anxiety state study as the factor, which influences readiness of young athletes, specializing in middle distance running, for competitive activity were successfully solved.
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Administrative activity culture of the director of sports organization: methodological analysis

Vladimir N. Korzakov, Alexsandr N. Popov
Nowadays culture, which has great influence on success of any sports organization, plays key role in competitiveness provision. We speak about values demonstration, which are realized in organizational structure and personnel policy. In these terms the question about effective instruments of its cognition is urgent and worth studying (and first of all from the position of methodological aspect of study). Material. Methodological basis creation of sports organization (SO) director’s administrative activity culture formation and development analysis, which include theoretical aspects of the research, approaches, methodologies and methods of making decisions concerning administrative system of physical culture and sport modeling. Research methods: scientific literature analysis and summarizing. Results. The culture of the director of sports organization conditions the degree of his knowledge on theory of management, experience, ability to realize different organizational moments. Organizational moments include the following: personnel recruitment for the organization and work with the personnel, organizational norms and normatives creation, objectives setting and their realization control and others. Conclusion. Administrative activity culture, as it was shown in the research work, is mainly determined by sports organization director’s adaptive thinking, who strives for inner world of self-development cognition (own “Self” of SO leader). His personal estimation of connections with “reference positions” of physical culture and sport sphere (adequacy, adaptability, effectiveness and efficiency) is also very important. They also concern personnel infrastructure, material-technical, organizational-administrative and scientific-informative spheres of activity.
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Adaptative meaning of the unemployed identifications transformation to the situation of professional

Maria M. Orlova
The article discusses the adaptive self-identification function in the situation of unemployment Unemployed people with an unemployment term of more than 6 months assume the sick role. This fact can be understood as an adaptation way to the loss of professional opportunities in the socially prestigious role of unhealthy people. It explains their inactivity in this situation. System authentications in the group of unemployed reflects the loss of self-confidence and desire to overcome the traumatic situation ahead, exacerbating the internal conflict. Identification with the patient role is typical for people who have been unemployed for more than six months. Unemployment in this situation could be taken as a way of adapting to the loss of professional opportunities in the sick role, socially more prestigious than the role of the unemployed. The sick person role justifies passivity with regard to changing the current situation. An optimistic attitude to being able to keep healthy is characteristic of people who see themselves as independent. This article regards the sick role and the healthy role of human system authentications, retrospective evaluation of the health and illness experience, especially the self-attitude of the unemployed.
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Analysis of Afro-American literature from the view of multiculturalism (on the works of sula, Morrio

Tahirova Vafa Aghali
In the early decades of the 20th century, racial injustice and widespread lynching and other types of violence against the Afro-Americans continued to take place. In the context of the colonial era, slavery and immigration are to be regarded as the essential factors of American multiculturalism. In a growing multicultural world, the connections and interactions between individuals become more and more complex. This idea is present throughout Toni Morrison’s novels, and especially in Sula, Tar baby and Mercy. In the search of African American identity, the author comes to conclusion that the survival of black people in a white society depends upon their emphasis on loving their own race, their own culture and loving themselves and not to get trapped in white superiority or white standards of beauty. The article devoted to the study of above-mentioned problems consists of an abstract, an introduction, and subtitles, with the names of the three works subjected to the analysis, each of which is analyzed in details as to the view points of the author of the article. In the “conclusion” the main ideas put forth in the article is represented in the generalized form.
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About a nature of aesthetic taste

Климов Виктор Петрович, Климова Галина Павловна
в представленной статье исследователями рассматриваются традиционные базовые основания эстетического вкуса и его связь с искусством, а также делается попытка анализа текущей ситуации вкуса в контексте современных вызовов времени.the researchers of the article deal with traditional outlooks upon the origin of taste and its relationship with art and its current situation of taste functioning in terms of increasing globalization, virtualization and informational support rates in present society. The special concern contributes taste rebranding and semantic network modeling taste regard responds.
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Analysis of Real-World Math Problems: Theoretical Model and Classroom Applications

G. Larina
The Russian education standards stress the importance of reallife applications of mathematics. However, the educational outcome standards do not provide a clear idea of how a math teacher should organize their syllabus to develop relevant skills in students. As long as there is no universal definition of a real-world math problem, it is rather difficult to qualify the problems that teachers use in the classroom. We analyzed algebra problems that teachers give to secondary school students. Using three parameters, 83 word problems were coded: situational relevance, mathematical modeling, and non-triviality. We carried out a cluster analysis to identify typical categories of mathematical problems. As a result, we determined three types of problems differing in the abovementioned characteristics. Only one cluster appeared to feature all three characteristics typical of real-world problems. Therefore, a portion of the tasks that teachers give students as real-world fail to qualify as such according to the proposed theoretical model.
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